Although there is some controversy regarding noninvasive cancer, there is ample evidence that noninvasive cancer can evolve into invasive cancer with time. Noninvasive cancer is generally treated similarly to invasive cancer with regards to surgery and radiation. Chemotherapy is never given for noninvasive cancer. The controversy lies in how likely the noninvasive cancer is to become invasive cancer and how aggressively it should be treated. Until we have better tools to predict an individual’s likely course, we tend to be aggressive in all cases.


Bedford Breast Center Serving Beverly Hills, Santa Monica and the greater Los Angeles area